Folic acid is a form of vitamin B9 that can dissolve in water. It is a key ingredient in the making of the nucleic acid that forms part of all genetic material.
It is a complex B vitamin, similar to vitamin B12. Vitamin B9 and its forms carry out the crucial functions of creating more red blood cells, preventing hearing loss, and preserving the brain health of infants.
Folic acid is vital for making red blood cells, as well as:
* The synthesis and repair of DNA and RNA
* Aiding rapid cell division and growth
* Enhancing brain health
* Age-related hearing loss
* For pregnancy, it helps prevent the fetus from developing major congenital deformities of the brain or spine, including neural tube defects, such as spina bifida and anencephaly.
* Women planning to get pregnant should take folic acid supplements for a full year before conception to reduce the risk of these developments.
Adult Initially 10-20 mg daily for 14 days, or until a haemopoietic response is obtained.
Maintenance: 2.5-10 mg.
Children: 1-5 yr 2.5 mg daily.
6-12 yr 5 mg daily.
Prophylaxis of megaloblastic anemia of pregnancy 200-500 mg daily.
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